To access these records for the 1940s, you will need to either make an appointment to visit the National Archives at St. Louis or hire a researcher. Once this rest period was complete, the division was assigned to XV Corps for the final push into German territory. The 4th Armored Division was activated during World War II on 15 April 1941 with 3,800 men (10,000 by the end of May 1941) from various other units, at Pine Camp (Camp Drum, 1951; Fort Drum, 1974), New York under its first Commanding General, Brigadier General Henry W. Baird.. World War II. [94] The division was awarded four campaign streamers and one Presidential Unit Citation. 45th Infantry Division. The 816 surviving prisoners were taken to barracks within the camp. Nora Drewry wrote on January 10, 2014. I've always wondered why there is a 3rd ID patch on his uniform when his discharge indicates 75th ID. It arrived on December 2, 1920 and redesignated as a Philippine Scout regiment the next day. Hoping to occupy as much of the country as humanly possible before the German Army could react, the U.S. Fifth Army prepared to attack Salerno. [89] Because of heavy casualties and slow reinforcement rates, the Army looked to the National Guard to provide additional units to relieve the beleaguered Eighth Army. The terrain was difficult and the weather was poor in the region. He also talked about some time in Italy and to the best of my knowledge (granted I am no expert) the 42nd was never in Italy. Like Our Web page? Division (less 3rd Battalion), 314th Infantry Regiment, 79th Infantry The 45th Infantry Division of the United States Army was a major formation of the Oklahoma Army National Guard from 1920 to 1968. "On 20 May, the Regiment was incorporated under the Dachau Area, Command. Company Morning Reports. B Company), 2nd Chemical Mortar Battalion (less Under this Headquarters, the Regimental CP became the, George Fisher, in his superb "The Story of the 180th Infantry Regiment,", states "On June 9th, our Regiment was relieved of its mission of guarding, the Dachau Concentration Camp by the 72nd AAA Battalion. Dad told us he was at Dachau. Mortar Battalion, 2nd Battalion, 36th Engineer Combat Circumstance may have prevented that. Headquartered for most of its history in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, the guardsmen fought in both World War II and the Korean War. The main goals of the World War II Recreation Association, 45th Infantry Division reenactors are to honor the veterans who served the United States Armed Forces in World War Two so that their legacy may live on, and to educate all within our reach about the history of our nation and our Armed Forces. [80][121] The 45th Infantry Brigade received all of the 45th Division's lineage and heraldry, including its shoulder sleeve insignia. The scene near the entrance to the confinement area numbed my senses. Documents: All of the files from The 45th Division in World War II: The Thunderbirds Facebook Group in searchable PDF format plus other documents. The first evidence of the horror to come was a string of about forty railway cars on a siding near the camp entrance. We have no records for him other than his registration card and photos. The number of POWs taken by the 45th Division during its almost two years of fighting totalled 124,840 men. [39] The division was then reassigned to V Corps, under the command of Major General Leonard T. Gerow, for its next advance. Thank you so much!Katie Capra Geuin(i am new to this page and didn't see a way to send a message without replying to this one with the same subject line), [Moderation Note: Please see How To: Contact Another User], I checked the 29 June 1945 Division Roster as well as my General Orders' Worksheet and. Campaigns of the 45th Infantry Division: Sicily. TTY: 202.488.0406, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC, The Holocaust and World War II: Key Dates, Wannsee Conference and the "Final Solution", Documenting Numbers of Victims of the Holocaust and Nazi Persecution, Gleichschaltung: Coordinating the Nazi State, War Refugee Board: Background and Establishment, Holocaust Survivors and Victims Resource Center. [39] It would remain in the area for a month waiting for other units to catch up before crossing the Mortagne River on 23 October. Nevertheless, the Army officials in charge of this camp advised us that there were 50 of these cars in this 1 train and that at least 100 of these civilians had been jammed into each car . So he might have actually meant one of the subcamps which would increase the number of possible units. Your relative might have been told at the time that his unit was liberating a Dachu camp and it just stuck that it was "the" Dachu camp instead of one of its many sub camps. Two regiments of the 45th (the 179th and 157th Infantry) were sent to the Aprilia sector to reinforce the British. (155mm Howitzer), 925th FA Battalion, 100th Infantry For more information about these records, please contact the National Archives at St. Louis (RL-SL) at stl.archives@nara.gov. If you havent already done so, we suggest that you request a copy of his, . Screen shot attached. [104][n 3], By the time the division was in place, the battle lines on both sides had largely solidified, leaving the 45th Infantry Division in a stationary position as it conducted attacks and counterattacks for the same ground. Against this, the Allies planned to land 180,000 troops,[27] including the 45th Infantry Division, which was assigned to Lieutenant General Omar Bradley's II Corps, part of the U.S. After the North Korean People's Army invaded the Republic of Korea, four understrength U.S. divisions on occupation duty in Japan were rushed to South Korea to stand alongside the Republic of Korea Army. No record of Clarence E. LaHayne in the June 1945 Roster of the 45th Infantry Division nor. [7] It was one of four National Guard divisions to be federalized on that day, alongside the 30th, the 41st and 44th Infantry Divisions, originally for a one-year period. Due to drastic reductions in U.S. military spending following the end of World War II, these divisions were equipped with worn-out or obsolete weaponry and suffered from a shortage of anti-armor weapons capable of penetrating the hulls of the North Korean T-34 tanks. OMPFs and individual medical reports for soldiers of the U.S. Army who served during World War II and who separated from the service before 1960 are in the custody of NARA's National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) in St. Louis. They had few soldiers left, very little ammunition, and even food was running out in some places. To access these records for the 1940s, you will need to either make an appointment to visit the, For more information about these records, please contact the National Archives at St. Louis (RL-SL) at, You may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgment as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RL-SL. See, for instructions. As the 45th Infantry Division completed its drive on Munich, the unit was ordered to liberate the Dachau concentration camp. [3] The Oklahoma National Guard units that would later become the 179th Infantry Regiment and 180th Infantry Regiment were assigned to the 36th Division and would earn a combat participation credit during the MeuseArgonne offensive in France as part of the 142nd Infantry. Their bodies were left behind in various locations throughout Germany. [94][98] Following its arrival, the division moved to the front line to replace the 1st Cavalry Division, who were then delegated to the Far East reserve, having suffered over 16,000 casualties in less than 18 months of fighting. Some of the photos were donated by loved ones seeking to know more about thier relatives wartime . Documents. Campaigns of the 45th Infantry Division: Rome-Arno. In their report delivered to Congress on May 15, 1945, the senators and representatives stated that. These cars were an assortment of odd boxcars, some of which were locked, and some were coal-car type. [8] As a consequence of these militia roots, when the division was properly organized, many of its members were marksmen and outdoorsmen from the remote frontier regions of the Southwestern United States. 1912 - 1946 for Army units that may include morning reports of the component units of the 45th Infantry Division and the 3rd Infantry Division, as well as the 290 Infantry Regiment. The 179th Infantry and a tank battalion of CCA tried to recapture Aprilia but were repulsed. ", It appears that most of the regiment remained in the Dachau vicinity until, 20 July, when the regiment embarked by train for Camp St. Louis. His discharge papers list him as part of HQ & HQ Company 290 Infantry, which, if I'm right was part of the 75th Division, but they were farther to the north, involved in the Bulge. [106] It was deployed around Chorwon and assigned to protect the key routes from that area into Seoul. [42] For this mission, CCA (Combat Command A) of the 1st Armored Division was attached to the 45th Infantry Division. [86], At the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950, the U.S. Army looked to expand its force again to prepare for major conflict. [50] Against slight opposition, it spearheaded the drive for the Belfort Gap. Additionally, only about 20 percent of its personnel had prior experience of military service from World War II. In January 1943 it moved to Fort Pickett, Virginia, for its final training. With few provisions, almost 2,000 inmates died during the circuitous route that took them from Thuringia through Saxony to Czechoslovakia and into Bavaria. Please turn JavaScript back on and reload this page. [117] One soldier from the division, Charles George, was awarded the Medal of Honor while serving in Korea. These were the 7th Infantry Division, the 1st Cavalry Division, the 24th Infantry Division, and the 25th Infantry Division, which were all under the control of the Eighth United States Army. [114] The 245th Tank Battalion was sent to assault Chinese positions throughout late 1952, but most of the division held a stationary defensive line against the Chinese. The division remained a National Guard formation until its downsizing in 1968. My father, Charles Joseph Capra's records were burned up in the Armory fire in St. Louis. [80] Its colors were returned to Oklahoma on 25 September of that year, formally ending the division's presence in Korea. These brigades would see no major deployments or events, and were inactivated five years later in 1968. [37], On 3 September 1943, Italy surrendered to the Allied powers. [90] Nevertheless, the division was one of four National Guard divisions identified as being among the most prepared for combat based on the effectiveness of its equipment, training, and leadership. Welcome to our 45th Infantry Division photo Galleries. I've often thought he may have been attached to the 75th after they were sent south to the Colmar Pocket, and when that was over, and the 75th went back north, Dad was transferred out to - my best guess at the time - the 3rd Division. Holocaust Memorial Museum provides information about which units liberated which camps on their Recognition of U.S. Liberating Army Units website. [39] The division was then slated to move to the Pacific theater of operations to participate in the invasion of mainland Japan on the island of Honshu, but these plans were scrubbed before the division could depart after the surrender of Japan, on V-J Day. [103] Though the division was no longer an "All-Oklahoma" unit, leaders opted to keep its designation as the 45th Infantry Division. Slowly advancing through Italy, they fought in Anzio and the Beachhead breakout to the capture of Rome. 1st Cavalry . However, with the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany, with its infamous swastika symbol, the 45th Division stopped using the insignia. See eVetRecs Help for instructions. After entering the camp, the soldiers found boxcars filled with dead bodies of prisoners who had succumbed to starvation or last-minute executions, and in rooms adjacent to gas chambers they found naked bodies piled from the floor to the ceiling. The reenacting unit attends living history displays and tactical events throughout the region. On the second incident, Captain John T. Compton ordered Italian soldiers to be lined up and shot; the officer claimed he had only been following orders and was acquitted. In some of these cars there were more than enough to cover the floors. So the stories that came down through the family where all about dad or grandpa's taking part in the D-Day landings on Normandy because they'd never heard about the ones in Southern France. I have a newspaper clipping from the local paper that he had informed his parents that he had been transferred to the infantry - from the Air Corp/Air Force - of course there would be no mention of what unit he was transferred to, and this was during the winter of '44, when they were pulling men from all branches to fill the line. A shame. At the time, the 45th Infantry Division was comprised overwhelmingly of high school students or recent graduates and only about 60 percent of its divisional troops had conducted training and drills with the division for a year or more. Dante's Inferno seemed pale compared to the real hell of Dachau. "Train, No. In Section 1, Item 1, where it asks which items you are requesting, please check Other and specify that you want the entire file. OMPFs and individual medical reports for soldiers of the U.S. Army who served during World War II and who separated from the service before 1960 are in the custody of NARA's National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) in St. Louis. The 45th Infantry Division took the strongly defended city of Epinal on 24 September. Attachments [13] After a long process of reviewing design submissions, a design by Woody Big Bow, a Kiowa artist from Carnegie, Oklahoma, was chosen for the new shoulder sleeve insignia. 180th Infantry Regiment, 45th Infantry Division | American Battle Monuments Commission Cemeteries & Memorials Burial Search Education About Us News Data Multimedia Contact Us 180th Infantry Regiment, 45th Infantry Division Home 180th Infantry Regiment, 45th Infantry Division Legacy ID 27959 Legacy Alias On 30 January 1944, when VI Corps advanced from the beaches, it encountered heavy resistance and took heavy casualties. [10] In 1937, the division's troops were once again called up, this time to help manage a locust plague affecting Colorado. In later interviews with Charles Brandt, he divided such massacres into four categories: During World War II, the 45th Division fought in 511 days of combat. Rosters for units serving in World War II from 1944 - 1946 were destroyed in accordance with Army disposition authorities. [33] For most of the first two weeks while the division moved slowly north, it encountered only light resistance from Italian forces fighting delaying actions. Our officials advised us that many of the others who had survived the trip had died since in the camp, and many more, although still alive, were starved beyond redemption. This Native American symbol became the division's insignia in 1939. He never claimed to have liberated Dauchau, just that he was there, no other details, and we only learned that toward the end of his life. This explains the book he had on the 180th Regiment. The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States; , U.S. Government Printing Office. [34] Italian and German forces resisted fiercely at Motta Hill on 26 July, however, and for four days the 45th Division was held up there. Keywords: Korean War, 45th Infantry Division, Thunderbirds. like the original poster my grandfather was originally in the army air corp as a belly gunner in I believe the B24, but was transferred to infantry after a perforated eardrum. The 45th, in turn, was under constant artillery and mortar attack. Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths in World War II, Final Report, 1 December 1941 - 31 December 1946. Headquartered mostly in Oklahoma City, the guardsmen fought in both World War II and the Korean War. For more information see Official Military Personnel Files (OMPF), Archival Records Requests. Sheeran later joked that they did so without complaint, likely hoping that he and his buddies would change their minds. Airborne Anti-Aircraft Artillery Armored Division Army's 1st - 15th Army Air Corps Artillery Band Cavalry Chaplain Corps Chemical Coast Artillery Corps Engineers Finance Corps General Staff Infantry Division Inspector General Department Intelligence Corps Judge Advocate General Corps Medical Corps Military . City and State: HUNTLEY MT Battalion. 45th US Infantry Division "Thunderbird" home Divisional information Divisional troops Attachments Assignments Detachments Command Posts Divisional information Top Specials [read more] Read more about the division insignia and there nickname. Ray, John F Company, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division 482. [48] The U.S. View the list of all donors. [94] The involvement of the National Guard in the fighting in Korea was further expanded when the 40th Infantry Division of the California Army National Guard received warning orders for deployment as well. Group, 21.10.1944-24.10.1944 & 01.11.1944-11.11.1944, 15.08.1944-18.08.1944 & 19.09.1944-27.10.1944 Army Unit Rosters and Unit Photos. It quickly advanced through western France, reaching the German border by the end of the year. 45th Inf Div (WWII & Korea) ATTN: National Secty 2145 NE 36th St Oklahoma City, OK 73111-5302 405/424-5393 45th Infantry Division Association. [42][44], One regiment of the 45th (the 179th Infantry) went ashore with the landings. Immediately after Dachau's liberation, US Army authorities and other Allied representatives began treating the sick prisoners, implementing health and sanitary measures to curb the typhus epidemic, and bringing in tons of food to feed the starving prisoners. Markham. AAA Group, 31.08.1944-10.11.1944 & 23.11.1944 &18.02.1945 Jive Software Version: 9.13.0.0 , revision: 20220815205735.50e1b0c.master, The 42nd and 45th Infantry Divisions and the 20th Armored Division liberated Dachu, however there were many, ubcamps and soldiers with our unit, the 36th Infantry Division, often related in the stories they told to. [79] Soldiers of the division also received 61 Distinguished Service Crosses, three Distinguished Service Medals, 1,848 Silver Star Medals, 38 Legion of Merit medals, 59 Soldier's Medals, 5,744 Bronze Star Medals, and 52 Air Medals. [26], Most of the division returned to New York in September 1945, and from there went to Camp Bowie, Texas. [9] The division's first commander was Major General Baird H. I also examined the lists of names in the History of the Third Infantry Division without success. Later that month, it was given 4,006 new recruits for its three infantry regiments and artillery assets, and each unit created a 14-week training program to prepare these new soldiers for combat. [112], In early 1953, North Korean forces launched a large-scale attack against Hill 812, which was then under the control of K Company, 3rd Battalion, 179th Infantry. This tool uses JavaScript and much of it will not work correctly without it enabled. However, everyone at that time had heard of Dachu so it is what stuck in people's minds. In Section 1, Item 1, where it asks which items you are requesting, please check Other and specify that you want the entire file. It replaced another previously used Native American symbol, a swastika, that was withdrawn when it became closely associated with the Nazi Party. [55] The 45th Infantry Division, now commanded by Major General Robert T. Frederick, who had previously commanded the 1st Special Service Force, was reassigned to VI Corps on New Year's Day. The division then defended the hill against a series of Chinese assaults from the Chinese 38th Army. The 45th moved north to the Sarreguemines area and smashed through the Siegfried Line. The 42nd and 45th Infantry Divisions and the 20th Armored Division liberated Dachu, however there were many subcamps and soldiers with our unit, the 36th Infantry Division, often related in the stories they told to their families that they liberated Dachu, when technically it was a subcamp called Kaufring II in Landsburg. Malnutrition and disease were rampant, and corpses lay unburied. [41] Until 9 January 1944, the division, now under Major General William W. Eagles (replacing Major General Middleton who, struck down with arthritis, was sent to England to command VIII Corps in the Normandy invasion), inched forward into the mountains reaching St. Elia, north of Monte Cassino, before moving to a rest area. [92], In preparation for the deployment, the division was sent to Fort Polk, Louisiana, to begin training and to fill its ranks. It's like a window back in time. Dad's photo or name is not in the book. In 1940, the "Thunderbird" division was reactivated and deployed in late June 1943 to North Africa. If you see this and check out your roster I would love to know what you find. [116], During the Korean War the 45th Infantry Division suffered 4,004 casualties, consisting of 834 killed in action and 3,170 wounded in action. Assignments [37][40], On 3 November it crossed the Volturno River and took Venafro. Entry: 88092 Subject: EDWARD JAMES LAMBERT. For more information, please refer to, Onsite Operations at the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, We searched the National Archives Catalog and located, for Army units that may include morning reports of the component units of the 45th Infantry Division and the 3rd Infantry Division, as well as the 290 Infantry Regiment. The 3rd Div patch is on the left shoulder. [28], The division was subsequently assigned a lead role in the amphibious assault on Sicily, coming ashore on 10 July. These forts had been designed by Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1893 to block access to the plain of Alsace. When it arrived in Korea, only half the division's manpower were National Guard troops, and over 4,500 guardsmen left between May and July 1952, continually replaced by more active duty troops, including an increasing number of African Americans. Please type your message and try again. Raymer, Joe US Navy 419. [113] Heavy rainstorms prevented the divisions from retaking the hill for around a month, and when it was finally retaken it was heavily fortified to prevent further attacks. That's the most information, all in one place, nailing things down to a specific place and time, that I've seen on Dad. If you provide your dad's name, I can check it. [109] It also conducted constant small-unit patrols along the border seeking to engage Chinese outposts or patrols. During World War I, Colonel A. W. Bloor, commander of the 142nd Infantry, 36th Division, tested and deployed a code, using the Choctaw language in place of regular military code. [105] In the spring, the division launched Operation Counter, which was an effort to establish 11 patrol bases around Old Baldy Hill. One story I often share to illustrate how we have to look at the stories left by soldiers and their families helps illustrate the problem. & 24.11.1944-14.02.1945 & 05.03.1945-15.03.1945 & 20.03.1945-22.03.1945, 15.08.1944-28.11.1944 & 22.12.1944-27.12.1944 Our History Department collects Veteran information for this website and the Library of Congress Veterans History Project. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience as we balance mission-critical work and the safety of our staff during the pandemic. Following Sicily the division landed at Salerno and Anzio, as part of the forces in the taking of Italy. B Company, 325th Engineer Combat [24] Also assigned to the division were the 158th, 160th, 171st, and 189th Field Artillery Battalions, the 45th Signal Company, the 700th Ordnance Company, the 45th Quartermaster Company, the 45th Reconnaissance Troop, the 120th Engineer Combat Battalion, and the 120th Medical Battalion. [49] The division was allowed a one-month rest, resuming its advance on 25 November, attacking the forts north of Mutzig. News of Dachau's liberation spread swiftly. The 45th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army, most associated with the Oklahoma Army National Guard, from 1920 to 1968. In March 1945, the "Thunderbird" division crossed the Rhine River and headed southward. Please check NARAs web page about, The U.S. [105], The 45th Infantry Division, along with the 7th Infantry Division, fought off repeated Chinese attacks all along the front line throughout 1952, and Chinese forces frequently attacked Old Baldy Hill into the fall of that year. [6] The division was formed and federally recognized as a National Guard unit on 3 August 1923 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Courtesy of the 45th Infantry Division Museum. See: As a result of this effort, two 45th Infantry Division units existed between 1952 and 1953; the mostly Active-duty 45th Infantry Division (AUS) in Korea, and the National Guard 45th Infantry Division (NGUS) in Oklahoma. [51] The German Army, reeling from the Battle of Normandy, in which it had suffered a major defeat, pulled back after a short fight, part of an overall German withdrawal to the east following the landings. [99], Though the 45th remained de facto segregated as an all-white unit in 1950,[100] individual unit commanders went to great lengths to integrate reinforcements from different areas and ethnicity into their units. Eisenhower wanted as many as possible to witness the camps. Originally organized in the continental U.S. in 1917, this organization sailed to the Philippines with all of its records and colors. One of our soldiers told his family about his participation in D-Day in France. When describing his first murder for organized crime, Sheeran recalled: "It was just like when an officer would tell you to take a couple of German prisoners back behind the line and for you to 'hurry back'. [62] The cremation ovens, which were still in operation when the soldiers arrived, contained bodies and skeletons as well. We hope this is helpful. I think that means he would have been in one of the artillery units for the 45th Infantry Division, but I don't know where to find a roster to check. The female cooks were first allowed to leave unmolested, then Sheeran and his fellow GIs "ate what we wanted and soiled the rest with our waste". When the three units arrived at Dachau, they discovered more than 30,000 prisoners in the overcrowded camp. [49] From 2 January 1945, the division fought defensively along the German border, withdrawing to the Moder River. I know it is old but thought Id try to reach out. I also examined the lists of names in the History of the Third Infantry Division without success. The U.S. & 3rd Battalions), 3rd Battalion, 36th Engineer Combat The muster rolls often indicate which unit a soldier is transferring from when he is first noted on the muster rolls as transferring to the unit. Anzio - Operation Shingle, 22 January- 24 May, 1944: The 45th began landing at Anzio on 22 January, 1944, with the 179th Regiment seeing the Division's first action of the campaign at Aprilia, also known as "the factory" on 27 January. [52][53] Soldiers of the 45th Infantry Division engaged the dispersed forces of German Army Group G, suffering very few casualties. The Division fought defensively along the German border, withdrawing to the Moder River. The 45th in this time was regarded as one of the better-trained National Guard divisions. With Army disposition authorities allowed a one-month rest, resuming its advance on 25,... 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The lists of names in the overcrowded camp scene near the camp is old thought... 20 May, the guardsmen fought in both World War II and weather... Explains the book we suggest that you request a copy of his, so it is old but thought try... [ 6 ] the cremation ovens, which were locked, and even was. On and reload this page reaching the German border, withdrawing to the Allied.! Lead role in the book November it crossed the Volturno River and took Venafro 48 ] the division Charles! Until its downsizing in 1968 behind in various locations throughout Germany north to the Philippines all! 45Th moved north to the Allied powers name is not in the.! Dachau concentration camp for the Belfort Gap better-trained National Guard divisions his indicates..., i can check it access to the real hell of Dachau inmates died during circuitous. His discharge indicates 75th ID stuck in people 's minds bodies and skeletons as well Third Infantry division its!
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